jeb bush marijuana
Ending Marijuana Prohibition

Jeb Bush Receives Upgrade In Marijuana Policy Project’s Presidential Candidate Report Card

jeb bush marijuanaThe nation’s largest marijuana policy organization upgraded Jeb Bush from a “D” to a “C-” in its 2016 presidential candidate report card on Friday following a radio interview in which the former Florida governor expressed support for decriminalizing marijuana.

According to a report from Marijuana.com:

“It’s one thing to say we should have decriminalization of marijuana. I support that,” the former Florida governor said in an interview with Joe Mathieu of Boston’s WBZ NewsRadio. Bush had not previously endorsed a removal of criminal penalties for cannabis possession.

Bush also referred to marijuana as a “gateway drug” during the interview, referencing a theory that was thoroughly debunked by the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine in a 1999 report commissioned by the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy. He also said “the new marijuana” is “highly, highly toxic,” despite researchers consistently finding that marijuana is among the least toxic drugs and incapable of producing a fatal overdose.

The Marijuana Policy Project’s voter guide, launched in June, grades the major-party presidential hopefuls based on actions they have taken and statements they have made that indicate their levels of support for ending marijuana prohibition, allowing legal access to medical marijuana, and defending states’ rights to adopt their own marijuana policies without interference from the federal government. The voter guide can be viewed online at http:// mpp.org/president.

In October, MPP boosted Republican candidate Mike Huckabee from a “D” to a “B-” following an interview in which he expressed a more sympathetic position on medical marijuana and said he would not use federal resources to interfere in states that have adopted laws that legalize and regulate marijuana for adult use. MPP upgraded Bernie Sanders from a “B” to an “A” after he became the first-ever major-party presidential candidate to express support for ending marijuana prohibition, and it boosted Hillary Clinton from a “B-” to a “B” because she strengthened her position in support of allowing access to medical marijuana.

Statement from Mason Tvert, director of communications for the Marijuana Policy Project:

“We’re glad to hear Gov. Bush is in favor of removing criminal penalties for at least some marijuana-related offenses. We hope he will elaborate on this position and let voters know what he would do on this front if elected. A solid majority of Americans think marijuana should be legal for adults, and an even stronger majority support legal access to medical marijuana. Gov. Bush might be evolving on the issue, but he’s still lagging behind most Americans.

“It’s always astonishing to hear someone running for our nation’s highest office still believes in the reefer madness that was conjured up more than half a century ago. Equating marijuana to heroin is like equating apples to orange soda. The marijuana that is available today is no more toxic than the marijuana Gov. Bush used in college. It was far less toxic than alcohol then, and it’s far less toxic than alcohol now.”

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The Marijuana Policy Project is the nation’s largest marijuana policy organization. For more information, visit http://www.MarijuanaPolicy.org.

  • Rob Shaffer

    He has no chance at winning the presidency so he can say whatever he wants. Who cares.

  • PhDScientist

    We need Hillary to adopt Bernie’s position, or to be more precise — no state should be able to prevent Physicians from prescribing Medical Marijuana on the same basis as any other medication, but If a state wants to be “dry” with respect to recreational Alcohol or Marijuana they should be able to, as long as the identical policy applies to both.

    • Denny

      I’d rather vote for a groundhog than Hillary, she hasn’t told the truth in so long she doesn’t remember what it really is.

  • The Truth

    If he could have a spiritual awakening and deem marijuana to be healthful, well then I could see myself voting for Jeb. But he would have to support full legalization first.

    • Yogi Bear

      Oh yEA right, I can just see in full lotus chanting with Baba Ram Dass. Wake up my friend

      • The Truth

        I was joking yoga yogi. Pull your head out of your arse, open your heart and your mind, and reach your hands up to the sky.

        • Yogi Bear

          You were not joking, The TRUTH is you responded with hurt feelings. I may say You’re a dreamer, But Your not the only one

  • stellarvoyager

    Jeb! Bush is a joke and will never be president, so all of this is a moot point.

  • SilentPatriot

    If people only realized how much dope he sold in college. =P

  • malcolmkyle

    When fascism came to the USA it was not labelled “Made in Germany”, it was not marked with a swastika, it was not even called fascism. It actually had many names, like Prohibition, War on (some) Drugs, DEA, CIA, Bush, Kleiman, Sabet, Sembler, Chabott, Volkov, Leonhart, ….

    • Denny

      Don’t forget Clinton and Obama!

    • moses

      Well said, nixon had ours brothers and sisters fired upon at kent state, how m
      any died in the south, how many all over , dont forget the 60 s
      I ve always said cannabis was a bigger issue than drug use.

  • Stel-1776

    If prohibition has any effect, it makes cannabis a gateway to other illicit drugs.

    The gateway drug theory, that a unique pharmacological effect of cannabis causes the use of hard drugs, has been discredited by the many peer reviewed studies which have examined it.[1,2,3,4,5,6,14,15,16,19]

    If the gateway theory were to have any merit, then alcohol and tobacco would be the true gateway drugs as nearly all have tried these before cannabis.[1,6] There are many factors that determine which illicit substance will be used first, including availability and culture. In Japan, where cannabis use is not popular and largely frowned upon, 83% of illicit drug users did not use illicit cannabis first.[19] In the U.S., since cannabis is by far the most popular and available illegal recreational substance, it is unlikely that you would find many illicit hard drug users who did not encounter and use illicit cannabis first.[1] This does not mean cannabis caused their hard drug use. Rather it was their pre-existing interest in recreational substances combined with their willingness to try illicit substances and cannabis was simply, and predictably, the first encountered.[3,14,19]

    On a related note, studies have shown that cannabinoids can help treat those addicted to hard drugs and alcohol, and that it is an “exit drug” for some.[4,7,18,22]

    If anything, the prohibition of cannabis makes the hard drug problem worse. Once someone breaks the law to try the very popular and relatively safe drug cannabis, their reluctance to try another illegal substance diminishes. This is both because of their newly increased doubts of government honesty regarding the harmful effects of those substances as well, and their newly reduced respect for laws against drugs in general. Cannabis prohibition also connects cannabis consumers to the hard drug market. Imagine if beer merchants also sold heroin, cocaine and meth. This is the situation that the prohibition of cannabis creates for its consumers. It places a very popular substance into these otherwise unpopular markets, strengthening them and expanding their reach. Also, with no legal recourse to resolve disputes, cannabis prohibition increases the crime associated with these markets.

    Efforts to prevent hard drug abuse are undermined and resources misspent when gateway theory is accepted as valid. A recent extensive review on the subject concluded that: “The promotion of the erroneous gateway theory ultimately does the public a disservice, including the hindering of intervention.”[19]

    Regardless, one major concern is that relaxed laws will lead to significantly increased teen usage, but this has not been the case.[20] Legalizing medical cannabis in the U.S. has not increased cannabis usage in teens.[8,9,10,11,21] Decriminalization does not result in increased cannabis consumption, for any age group, except for a small, temporary increase during the first few years.[12,13] Portugal saw reduced adolescent cannabis use after decriminalizing all drugs in 2001.[17]

    SOURCES:

    1. Joy et al. Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base. Institute of Medicine. 1999.
    2. Morral et al. Reassessing the marijuana gateway effect. Drug Policy Research Center, RAND. Addiction. 2002.
    3. Cleveland HH & Wiebe RP. Understanding the association between adolescent marijuana use and later serious drug use: gateway effect or developmental trajectory? Dev Psychopathol. 2008.
    4. O’Connell TJ & Bou-Matar CB. Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California (2001–2007): demographics, social characteristics, patterns of cannabis and other drug use of 4117 applicants. Harm Reduction Journal. 2007.
    5. Wen et al. The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana, Alcohol, and Hard Drug Use. The National Bureau of Economic Research. 2014.
    6. Tristan et al. Alcohol as a Gateway Drug: A Study of US 12th Graders. Journal of School Health. 2012.
    7. Oliere et al. Modulation of the Endocannabinoid System: Vulnerability Factor and New Treatment Target for Stimulant Addiction. Front Psychiatry. 2013. Review.
    8. Choo et al. The Impact of State Medical Marijuana Legislation on Adolescent Marijuana Use. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2014.
    9. Lynne-Landsman et al. Effects of state medical marijuana laws on adolescent marijuana use. Am J Public Health. 2013.
    10. Harper et al. Do medical marijuana laws increase marijuana use? Replication study and extension. Ann Epidemiol. 2012.
    11. Anderson et al. Medical Marijuana Laws and Teen Marijuana Use. IZA 2012.
    12. Williams J, Bretteville-Jensen AL. Does liberalizing cannabis laws increase cannabis use? J Health Econ. 2014.
    13. Single EW. The impact of marijuana decriminalization: an update. J Public Health Policy. 1989.
    14. Tarter et al. Predictors of Marijuana Use in Adolescents Before and After Licit Drug Use: Examination of the Gateway Hypothesis. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 2006.
    15. Van Gundy K & Rebellon CJ. A Life-course Perspective on the “Gateway Hypothesis”. J Health Soc Behav. 2010.
    16. Tarter et al. Predictors of marijuana use in adolescents before and after licit drug use: examination of the gateway hypothesis. Am J Psychiatry. 2006.
    17. Hughes C E and Stevens A. What Can We Learn From The Portuguese Decriminalization of Illicit Drugs?. Brit J Criminol. 2010.
    18. Reiman A. Cannabis as a substitute for alcohol and other drugs. Harm Reduct J. 2009.
    19. Vanyukov et al. Common liability to addiction and “gateway hypothesis”: theoretical, empirical and evolutionary perspective. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012. Review.
    20. Simons-Morton et al. Cross-national comparison of adolescent drinking and cannabis use in the United States, Canada, and the Netherlands. Int J Drug Policy. 2010.
    21. Hasin et al. Medical marijuana laws and adolescent marijuana use in the USA from 1991 to 2014: results from annual, repeated cross-sectional surveys. The Lancet. 2015.
    22. Bisaga et al. The effects of dronabinol during detoxification and the initiation of treatment with extended release naltrexone. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015.

    • PhDScientist

      To quote Dr. Sanjay Gupta —
      “Marijuana isn’t just ‘good medicine’ in many cases its the only medicine that works”
      The fact that is helps people who are addicted to Alcohol or Hard Drugs stop using them is well documented, and two of the most famous people It helped stop using Hard Drugs are Ray Charles and Whoppi Goldberg.

  • Giga-Dweebess

    Lipservice is so freaking easy, especially when you talk out both sides of your mouth. Throwing out a lighter stance on cannabis is more about pandering to state autonomy – he stressed it was a state issue not a federal one – which is basically the political way of shirking the subject.

    Jeb’s a soggy washcloth trying to win some of his home state from right now. Cities and counties all over South Florida are decriminalizing despite losing Amendment 2 last election. That’s a lot of votes.

  • Jerry Bisbo

    Put your money where your mouth is candidates, Burnie Sanders has. If you really think the issue of cannabis should be left up to the states, as you say, then say you will remove it from controlled substance list.

  • cactusjim420

    He’s a Bush, they have all proven they’re not trustworthy, the whole damn family is a bunch of high climbing liars.

    • kevin_hunt

      Jeb is a typical neocon hypocrite. He sold pot from his dorm room, but only poor people deserve to go to jail for pot.

  • PhDScientist

    This upcoming election is incredibly important for every American. Get involved. Help get out the vote. The next President will most likely appoint one or more Supreme Court Justices, and an awful lot of our current problems stem from the “Citizens United” Decision.

  • PhDScientist

    Every person who reads or posts here should call the white house comment line at (202) 456-1111 every day and ask that the President get Marijuana removed from Schedule 1, and do your best to get everyone you know to do the same thing and pass the idea on.

    We need the effort to “go viral.” as quickly as possible. Please do everything you can to help make that happen.

    Americans who need Medical Marijuana —

    especially America’s Cancer Patients, and American Children with Seizure Disorders

    Can’t Wait.

  • Voiceof thecitizens

    Regulation has public safety and welfare written all over it.

  • Jeb bush is a piece of crap just like all the others in the Bush dynasty. They are all a bunch of literal Nazis. Their real family name is “Schiff”. Prescott Bush laundered money in American banks for the nazis during World War 2. George Bush senior presided over the JFK assassination as Director of the CIA when they murdered JFK. King Kill 33. George Bush senior was knighted by the Queen of England for his lineage back to European royalty and Robert the Bruce because Bush jr and family are Knights Templar and Skull and Bonesmen members of the illuminati. They run and sell drugs I think. Jeb Bush ran the security for the World Trade Center Complex during the 2001 false flag attacks and Bush junior was president then. Bush family had strong financial ties to the Carlyle Group and did business with the Bin Laden family even helping them to be secretly flown out of the USA during the 9/11 attacks.

  • calvet11

    Come on JEB see the writing on the wall. The wind blows in one direction and the pols. chase after it. Blow in another and there they go. I’m 66 years old and don’t have a lot more time on this level. So very body forget what happened 100 years ago and go with the evidence we have today. Besides Jeb what have you got to loose, come out for cannabis legalization get Ron Paul on your side and out think the dumb bastards. Make medical and recreational legal with the proper safeguards and go on to better things like making the United States great again :)

  • PeedNUrGenePool

    I don’t believe Politicians even when they’re NOT desperate.
    !Jeb is just telling us what he thinks we want to hear….and he’s dumb enough to think we’ll suddenly start believing him.