marijuana lung cancer
Marijuana Science

Long Term Marijuana Use Does Not Significantly Affect Lungs

marijuana lung cancer
(via karmajello.com)

By Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director

The inhalation of one marijuana cigarette per day over a 20-year period is not associated with adverse changes in lung health, according to data published online ahead of print in the journal Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Investigators at Emory University in Atlanta assessed marijuana smoke exposure and lung health in a large representative sample of US adults age 18 to 59. Researchers reported that cannabis exposure was not associated with FEV1 (forced expiratory volume) decline or deleterious change in spirometric values of small airways disease.

Authors further reported that marijuana smoke exposure may even be associated with some protective lung effects among long-term smokers of tobacco. Investigators acknowledged, “[T]he pattern of marijuana’s effects seems to be distinctly different when compared to that of tobacco use.”

Researchers also acknowledged that habitual cannabis consumers were more likely to self-report increased symptoms of bronchitis, a finding that is consistent with previous literature. Separate studies indicate that subjects who vaporize cannabis report fewer adverse respiratory symptoms than do those who inhale combustive marijuana smoke.

Authors concluded, “[I]n a large representative sample of US adults, ongoing use of marijuana is associated with increased respiratory symptoms of bronchitis without a significant functional abnormality in spirometry, and cumulative marijuana use under 20 joint-years is not associated with significant effects on lung function.”

This study is the largest cross-sectional analysis to date examining the relationship between marijuana use and spirometric parameters of lung health.

A separate study published in 2012 in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) similarly reported that cumulative marijuana smoke exposure over a period of up to 7 joint-years (the equivalent of up to one marijuana cigarette per day for seven years) was not associated with adverse effects on pulmonary function.

A 2013 review also published in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society acknowledged that marijuana smoke exposure was not positively associated with the development of lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, or bullous lung disease. It concluded: “[H]abitual use of marijuana alone does not appear to lead to significant abnormalities in lung function. Findings from a limited number of well-designed epidemiological studies do not suggest an increased risk of either lung or upper airway cancer from light or moderate use. … Overall, the risks of pulmonary complications of regular use of marijuana appear to be relatively small and far lower than those of tobacco smoking.”

You may view an abstract of the study, “Effects of marijuana exposure on expiratory airflow: A study of adults who participated in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Study,” here.

Source: NORML - make a donation

  • Sinclair

    Is this really any news to anyone.

    • Valient

      It’s amazing, though. I saw it on Alternet first, and people are seriously disputing it or saying “I’m a medical patient who vapes and uses oils. I don’t care what it says, this study said it has 3x as much tar as cigarettes” while others are saying “I’m a lifetime smoker, so are my kids, and they’re successful. But those doper stoners who smoke all the time…Forget about lung problems, it causes cognitive problems and combined with video games causes children like my nephew to fail.”

      • Sinclair

        No offense buddy but I am having trouble understanding your comments. On one hand it sounds like you agree with this blog. But then your saying something about kids and gamessage doing nothing. Please clarify we would all like to know.

        • Valient

          The comments in quotes were from other people I had conversations with on another article about this study. They had really odd views. They both thought cannabis should be legalized and was good, but the one refused to believe the study and the other went on the rant about people who smoke all the time saying they’re stoner dopers who play video games all day and develop mental problems.

          • Sinclair

            Thank you.

    • newageblues

      Yes, it’s distinctly unwelcome news to the diehard prohibs who still have themselves convinced that cannabis deserves to be illegal. About 40% of the adult population. It’s another nail in their stinking political coffin.

      • Sinclair

        That 40% blindly follows ignorance and blindly corrupt propaganda.

    • Bic

      Yes because the main argument of prohibs is that mj is smoked. They love to compare it to the horrible damage of tobacco smoking. Ehhh! Wrong again! lol

  • Ron

    For anyone with a nagging cough problem I suggest you try kief. I’ve used it mixed about half and half with nugs in a joint. It’s amazing how much of the woody debris is left over that would ordinarily go into your lungs in the process of making kief. Besides, you get a much stronger and long lasting buzz.

  • Fritz Maximal

    The big tobacco co. Is going to fight cannabis and e cigarettes as hard as it can. E cigarettes make them loos money. Cannabis is going to make its own market larger then tobacco. Big tobacco is done. give it a couple years. Tobacco smoke will be history.