Dec 052015
 December 5, 2015

green barn farms washington marijuanaLegal recreational marijuana is now on sale in a handful of states. And consumers are just starting to look beyond their (or their budtenders) fascination with THC levels and attractive buds.

Consumers with an eye for eco-friendly products are starting to ask many of the same questions about how their marijuana is being produced that they routinely ask about the foods they purchase. And this makes a whole lot of sense–after all, marijuana is not just a drug, it is a plant. And like other produce items we purchase for consumption, we may be concerned what went into growing it–fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides–before putting it to our lips.

The Number of Pesticides Approved
For Burning or Inhalation: Zero

Consumers would be wise to learn more about the origins of their weed. Smoking pot or inhaling cannabis vapors receives a special pass from our bodies. Unlike our stomachs, lungs are not designed to filter toxins before letting them into the blood stream. Stomachs provide several layers of filtering–physical barriers, chemical degradation, and finally a pass through the liver to protect us from a whole bevy of toxins. Our lungs gladly accept whatever is inhaled which explains the almost instantaneous effects we feel from smoking.

Thus, synthetic fertilizers and chemical pesticides used to grow conventional marijuana get direct access to the body and brain. Which is a huge concern since there are no products–organic or not–that have been tested and approved on a smokable product like cannabis. Needless to say, the chemical stew produced by setting these products aflame and inhaling them into one’s lungs can’t be a comforting thought.

The 2 Big Green Questions
You Should Ask Your Budtender

#1 – Is this cannabis organically grown? This is the most obvious question. Like any other agricultural product, there should be organically produced marijuana, right?

Actually, the answer is not a simple one. The term “organic” is controlled by the USDA, a federal agency. And since it is a federal agency and cannabis is still a Schedule 1 controlled drug, the USDA is not allowed to weigh in on the production of cannabis. So if a grower says their pot is organic, this is not accurate.

Marijuana can be grown to an organic-like standard using the same fertilizers and pesticides that are approved for use on organic fruits and vegetables. But how are consumers to know if a grower is being truthful in representing their products without USDA organic certification?

“There is plenty of misrepresentation of recreational marijuana products as organic right now in Colorado and Washington,” says Chris Van Hook of Clean Green Certified and expert in organic certification. “Not only is it inaccurate, but it is bad for the industry as it leads to a credibility gap and consumer confusion.”

The solution in the near term can be found in third-party certification services that apply organic standards to pot growers and back it up with testing and verification. Clean Green Certified and Certified Kind are the two main agencies offering comprehensive certification on par with USDA standards. Ask your budtender to point out products that carry these endorsements, or to start carrying them in their stores.

#2 – Is this cannabis sustainably grown? We expect to know a lot about our food these days. Was my beef fed corn or grass? Are those eggs from caged, cage-free, or pastured chickens? Was that pork raised humanely? Are those blueberries from a local farm, or from Chile? But what about my marijuana?

Steve Kessler, owner of Paper & Leaf–a recreational cannabis retailer on Bainbridge Island, Washington–says, “Our customers are regularly looking for natural sun grown product. Environmental impact plays a huge role in our customer’s decision making.” Kessler continues, “Producers like Green Barn Farms recognize that there is a market for environmentally friendly, safe and sustainably grown cannabis. And our customers get it.”

However, unlike the Paper & Leaf experience, venturing into most retail marijuana stores in Washington or Colorado yields few answers on how green their growers are. As described above, organic standards are not well known, retailers are not versed in green issues and consumers are still starry-eyed over the prospect of buying legal weed, regardless of its source. But it turns out, the sustainability question for marijuana is a huge one.

“Quick–name one commercial fruit or vegetable crop that is grown indoors under artificial light. Struggling to name one? No worries, because there isn’t one,” says Scott Masengill, owner of Tumbleweed Farms, a marijuana farm in Prosser, Washington. “Growing plants indoors seems to defy all logic,” he continues. “Looking beyond the obvious–it’s a plant evolved through the millennia to prosper outdoors in soil and under the sun–what economic or environmental sense is there in cultivating in a warehouse?”

Turns out growing marijuana indoors is a legacy left over from decades of illegal, covert cultivation designed to hide grow operations from sight. When marijuana was legalized in Colorado and Washington, the new industry’s growers replicated cultivation systems that they knew best, only on a much larger scale. And that is very bad news for the environment.

“The perception that outdoor cannabis is inferior to indoor is based on years of illegal backwoods guerilla operations trying to grow marijuana under hostile conditions,” Aaron Dunlap from Cascade Growers in Twisp, Washington. He continues, “Modern greenhouses are now producing sustainable marijuana that looks and tests as well as indoor without the environmental penalty.”

By some estimates, more than 1% of the entire electrical use in the U.S. goes toward growing cannabis indoors. In California–home to the nation’s best outdoor growing conditions–more than 3% of the state’s electrical use is dedicated to indoor cannabis production. Producing a single pound of cannabis indoors, releases more than 4,600 pounds of CO2 into the atmosphere. What environmental impact will cannabis production have if it is legalized nationwide?

“The new recreational cannabis industry is in a unique position. We have the opportunity to create a new industry from scratch and to get it right from the start,” states Jerry Lapora of Emerald Twist, Washington state’s first Clean Green Certified cannabis farm. “One that is both all natural and sustainable, rather than one that negatively affects our environment. Let’s hope both producers and consumers see the value in that.”

So what is the difference between indoor and outdoor cannabis? The consensus is that indoor marijuana tends to look superior. Tighter flower density and lighter color are what most budtenders will point to. However, testing has shown that the THC levels between indoor and quality outdoor are quiet similar. In fact, some will argue that due to the sun’s full spectrum of light, most outdoor products produce a better high and more terpenes than their light-challenged indoor counterparts.

Indoor cannabis is also significantly more expensive to grow due to leasing of warehouse space and massive environmental control costs, not to say anything about the costs of lighting. Indoor cannabis production is estimated to cost between 50% and 75% more than outdoor production. At some point, the prices consumers pay at the stores will reflect that difference.

“If the only difference between indoor and outdoor cannabis is the looks, one should ask if the environmental costs and higher prices to consumers are worth it,” Lapora says. “For our planet’s sake, let’s hope people make the obvious green choice at the stores.”

Bio: Stephen Jensen is a farmer of recreational cannabis in Washington state. He also leads a cooperative of Clean Green Certified and sustainable farms in Washington and Oregon called Green Barn Farms.

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  53 Responses to “What Green Shoppers Must Know Before Venturing Into Recreational Marijuana Shops”

  1.  

    That’s good talk from commercial growers, a lot of folks could care less about environmental impacts but they still wanna smoke. Growers should be proud of what they do so being eco-friendly shouldn’t even be a question. For thirty yrs now I have played in the dirt lol and natural is better. Winter time, well, that’s time for indoors or try to grow enough outdoors that will last you till next harvest if it’s possible. Seems like we’re always running out ha ha. Chillin w/some cactus and it’s some of mother’s finest. Bubble, bubble, bubble, cough, cough, smile!!!!!

  2.  

    Chemical and pesticide ffree farm practices here in Oregon are used by most growers .. But I have seen for myself blatant misuse of chemicals and pesticides …. Know your grower …

    •  

      Know yourself as you own grower! Even inside by a regular window you may be pleasantly surprised of the results!

  3.  

    Being able to consider such issues is such a distant dream for me in MD. Strictly take what you can find, and plenty of time wasted trying to find it too. And now we have a popular social conservative as governor, a typical anti-government Republican who makes an enthusiastic exception for the drug war, refuses to reply to emails on the subject, and may well get reelected in 2018. I’m putting my hopes on Delaware at this point.

    •  

      If I were you I would put my hopes in a nationwide and worldwide repeal of cannabis prohibitions! Even if your governor says he opposes it, he will not hinder it if the people from the production zones become part of making it happen everywhere. Sadly, some people in the areas where a lot is produced are keeping a backward prohibition system alive in areas they are trting to loot. Think of the wasted resources in fuel, human hours, and even lives lost at war which are being caused by the rigging of markets by those in the production zones! Truly a crime against humanity…

      •  

        I’m putting my hope in them too, but more in the near future for helping others than helping anyone in MD.
        But maybe things will go well next November, and thing will accelerate after that.
        Certainly the evidence is piling up every day that legal cannabis is far safer than alcohol, just like illegal weed is.

  4.  

    With something as easy to grow as herbal cannabis, I personally think that self provision is the best way to be certain that the product is organic and produced in an ecologically sound way. Sadly, sometimes people lable things organic that are not organic.

  5.  

    Banning hemp is not ecologically sound. Hemp can produce highly nutritious superfood locally and puts more carbon into the soil than most vegetable garden plants and crops. Hemp can pull contaminants out of soils when necessary. Hemp is ecologically sound because it reduces or even eliminates the demand for herbicides. Any plan which bans hemp at all is not ecologically sound.

  6.  

    Solar panels paires with artificial lighting can create a sustainable situation which produces higher quantities of herbal cannabis per land area, thus freeing up space for vital things such as wildlife habitat. Now that is taking advantage of modern technology to be ecologically sound! A simple greenhouse can be very ecologically sound too, while taking advantage of the free lighting but not being tempted to commit the ecological atrocity of banning hemp.

  7.  

    Self grown herbal cannabis is the most ecologically sound way, because drasticalky less transportation fuel is spent. Therefore those who have been a part of creating and maintaining restrictions and limits on self provision of cannabis cannot honestly call their operations ecologically sound.

    I noticed that the balance of atmospheric gasses was referred to in this posting… Large fields of industrial hemp put huge amounts of carbon dioxide into the soil because they have a significant root system which is not harvested and thus the carbon is put into the soil where it can add to the ability of the soil to hold water and nutrients. Hemp which is turned into clothing, paper, and building materials can sequester more carbon dioxide per acre per year than just about any other land use. Hemp farming’s ability to drastically reduce demands for herbicides in turn saves carbon dioxide from being emitted in the production and distribution of the herbicides.

    Banning hemp at all is an obstruction to sound ecology.

    •  

      God forbid that the planet have a net gain in Photosynthesis rates from increased CO2

      Are we trying to start or reinforce the next ice age which would be more catastrophic than “global warming?”

      ..that is assuming CO2 is the primary driver of climate which I doubt

      •  

        Only the mislead and naive would believe that humans can control the climate of the earth. If you advocate for setting up rigged economies which involve drastic inefficiencies that in turn hold back our species just because you think that the wasted burnt fuels involved will stave off another ice age, then you are sadly mislead and misinformed. Efficient use of our resources in the United States and within the western world is a vital part of our national security equation. While I am not intimidated by the fake scare tactics, there are many anti – westerners and anti – Americans out there who are being paid with oil money, pot money, and opium money by wealthy anti – American foreigners who are striving towards an endpoint of removing us and/ or taking over our bountiful lands.

        While I did not start a conversation about treating carbon dioxide as a pollutant, I am not a linear thinker either. As someone who has lived in quite cold climates well above sea level I would actually enjoy a warming climate, and acknowledge that a warmer climate could open up new frontiers and lead to a more lively and less heat energy consumptive future. I appreciate the fact that you questioned my comment because it gives me the opportunity to further clarify on a nuanced issue which is usually oversimplified by media. This is not so simple an issue as either preferring polar bears to humans or activly wasting resources in an effort to stave off the next ice age. Ice ages come and go and climates are ever changing, particularly in certain areas. At this point I think it is not a good idea for humans to be building and dwelling right at or barely above sea level.

        While I do not fear a future with more of a percentage of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, I do acknowledge that practicing sound ecology in one area of our lives effectivly frees up energy resources for various other necessary endeavours. When building a highway, for instance, trying to be efficient with each mile built makes it all that much more possible for the next miles to be built.

        Sound ecology involves much more than concerning ourselves with clean air. So much time is spent discussing carbon as a pollutant that sincere concerns for sound ecology for purposes of efficiency are put on the wayside. If we were to consider the atmospheric composition, water vapor is from what I understand the most powerful greenhouse gas. Nitrogen is a much more powerful greenhouse gas than is carbon dioxide. Ultimately I have come to the realisation that much of the media storm regarding about the so called climate crisis is about holding back undeveloped areas of the world and playing into the fictional dialogue which demonizes humanity itself. There is undeniably an element of damaging the coal industry with disproportionate carbox tax punishments for the benefit of the underperforming and tremendously expensive nuclear industry, which ironically increases water vapor a lot and involves a lot of carbon being released during the cycle. The changing composition of greenhouse gases from all human activities combined has less of an effect on climate than is produced from volcanoes and other natural phenomena such as solar cycles and fluctuations in the earth’s orbit. We have been moving out of an ice age for millenia now, which we all can agree is a good thing indeed!

        There are some aspects of working towards sound ecology which are perhaps not as nuanced of issues, which you may find relieving from the sounds of things…
        – Maintaining biodiversity through maintaining and enhancing wildlife habitats is an ancient human tradition which provides humanity’s future with undiscovered agricultural crops and undiscovered cures and biotechnologies.
        – Amongst ecoterrorist nonsense which is resulting in a lot of adolescents nowadays being acculturated into being shameful self loathing anti humanist defeatists, maintaining and enhancing wildlife habitat can be a tremendously valuable source of inspiration for humanity and drive home the fact that humans can improve our habitat and in fact have a deep history of doing so. Hunting, gathering, and fishing are efficient means of providing sustainance and create very real incentives for maintaining robust and diverse wildlife habitat ecosystems. Farmfields, forestlands, wetlands, and grasslands can all compliment eachother in the functions they serve to provide for humanity while preventing the haters from effectively spreading their empirialism based anti humanist views.
        – Sound ecology is sound economics. Someone could rob you, yet it does not make you stupid ecomonically, just as someone could rule over you and misallocate your resources while failing to slander you effectively as ecologically inept. Being realistic and candid about the cannabis plant would result in no restrictions and thus no bans in hemp growth whatsoever. This would serve humanity efficiently and free up the moment’s available resources for important uses such as roads and satellites.

        Rest assured that you can put your fears about another ice age coming away – perhaps you are taking hollywood fiction films to seriously!

  8.  

    “Greenwashing” is a term which refers to deceptive marketing which claims a product is produced in an ecologically sound way when it is in fact not.

  9.  

    Anyone who has been a part of creating and/ or maintaining restrictions and limits on self provision of herbal cannabis cannot honestly claim that their operation is ecologically sound.

    •  

      This is true of course because of the savings in transportation fuels.

      •  

        Conversations with yourself?

        •  

          Unless you are a market rigging hater who is standing in the way of the growth of the superfood hemp, we are likely allies on this issue.

          Rigging cannabis markets is inefficient and corrupt.

          It seems to me that the person or people who screen the comments on this website have been not posting some of my input. Therefore I have made multiple entries in an attempt to put as many of my points out into the conversation.

  10.  

    Self grown herbal cannabis is the most ecologically sound way, because drasticalky less transportation fuel is spent. Therefore those who have been a part of creating and maintaining restrictions and limits on self provision of cannabis cannot honestly call their operations ecologically sound.

    I noticed that the balance of atmospheric gasses was referred to in this posting… Large fields of industrial hemp put huge amounts of carbon dioxide into the soil because they have a significant root system which is not harvested and thus the carbon is put into the soil where it can add to the ability of the soil to hold water and nutrients. Hemp which is turned into clothing, paper, and building materials can sequester more carbon dioxide per acre per year than just about any other land use. Hemp farming’s ability to drastically reduce demands for herbicides in turn saves carbon dioxide from being emitted in the production and distribution of the herbicides.

    Banning hemp at all is an obstruction to sound ecology.

  11.  

    Banning industrial hemp at all is an obstruction to sound ecology.

    Industrial hemp farming can drastically reduce the demand for herbicide, which in turn reduces the fuel spent in production and distribution of the herbicides. The root systems of an industrial hemp field are not harvested and therefore huge quantities of carbon are sequestered as soil organic matter in a similar way to how hay fields or praries can built up soil organic matter. This carbon in the soil helps the soil’s capacity to retain moisture and nutrients. Hemp that is turned into clothing or building materials locks up a lot of carbon in the products for many years.

    Acre per acre, industrial hemp is one of the most effective ways to sequester atmospheric carbon – something which was mentioned on this post as being a part of sound ecology.

    Any bans on hemp at all are an obstruction to sound ecology.

    •  

      What is sound ecology?

      How do you practice sound ecology on a space station?

      •  

        Perhaps we could acknowledge that in the interest of advancing things such as space stations to the maximum, we could all easily refrain from the obvious inefficiencies of recreational inebriation. Feeding the world’s population amptly would eiliminate any resistance to funding such projects, and would likely result in more powerful minds being discovered and produced.

        Hempseed as a food is particularly good for the brain.

        I am not unrealisitic about what much of humanity will chose to do regardless of what unconstitutional laws are on the books, however rigging markets and diverting time and real resources just to make inebriation extra profitable really does amount to a bump in the road for all of humanity and as undue stress on our own habitat.

        I find it particularly corrupt when there are people who have set up a rigged market which tends to have an ally in the anti – human movement which emphasizes scarcity because those who set up and maintain that rigged market artifically create scarcity through market interventions. In fact those involved in a rigged market which creates artificial scarcity are in large part at fault for the flourishing of anti – human sentiments and eco terrorist based ideologies. Therefore cannabis market riggers have no credibility in discussing issues related to ecology or advancements for humanity.

      •  

        A sociey which would consume a corn husk for fun and as a distrsction to the extent that they would limit the potential benefits of the corn kernels as a food and a fuel will have lower technology, lower standards of living, and more violence and war. Such a society would not truely fit a defintition of modern humanity.

        Hempseed could be an integral part of the diets of engineers and astronauts alike. Hempseed could make every single one of us less likely to have to go to the doctor as our lives progress. Consumption of hempseed could undebatedly lower rates of cancer and diabeties. Increased rates of hempseed food consumption would result in less bodily aches and pains becauee the essential fatty acids in the seed promote more bodily lubricants. Hempseed food consumption can elevate the moods of people, just as all intakes of food lead to natural serotonin release in the body. Hempseed food is more efficient to produce than many other crops and can be an integral part of crop rotations.

        Only someone who hates humanity and hates modern civilisation would be banning hemp at all.

  12.  

    To me it seems obvious that growing outdoors is mostly about reducing the overhead costs of starting a grow operation. Theoretically this savings could be passed onto the consumers so long as oportunistic price gouging is not a part of the model. Sadly, outdoor grows havd often interfered with important ecological concepts such as biodiversity preserving wildlife habitat and efficient food and fiber production from hemp.

    Considering the fact that green methods of electricity production have been around for decades, artificial lighting does not have to equate to lack of sustainability.

    Perhaps urban greenhouses which use natural and/ or artificial lighting really will prove to be the most effective and efficient way of supplying to the demands for herbal cannabis which are likely to continue into the future even in a context where self provision was unrestricted and encouraged for its efficiency benefits. If the licensing schemes were not so restrictive and perhaps rigged then we could actually learn which the best way was.

    •  

      Its all branding to create an artificial advantage in the market place.

      If the stuff was “good,” it wouldn’t need advertisement.

      “eco-friendly” is a religious term which implies the environment as a separate entity with its own “rights.”

      My product is 75% locally derived (mostly onsite), recycled ingredients. I use very little spray, and I won’t carry the “organic” label despite the fact that you couldn’t tell otherwise if I claimed it.

      I even use 10-20% of the Nitrogen cycle as my own piss.

      I won’t take “ecofriendly” or “organic” labels unless these words start meaning something empirically demonstrable without any subjectivity.

      •  

        Are you an advocate for completely unrestricted cannabis, or are you a price gouging prohibitionist? I am thinking that we may be on the same side of this issue. Whether one labels it as ecology or as ecomonics or just as politics in general we both are coming off as relatively optimistic people here, which is a good thing. If you have real pride in your good or service than you would not be afraid of an unrestricted free market.

        I consume food, as does everyone. I do wear clothes when necessary as well. Banning hemp is illegal, unconstitutional, and a part of a self defeating sabotage of our culture.

    •  

      Growing my own outdoors is a spiritual issue for me, and the issue of energy consumption only confirms that. If people want to grow indoors for quality control purposes, or are required to by idiot laws, it would be a wonderful thing if they create their own green energy source for those grows.

      •  

        Growing hemp for food could be called a spiritual issue for people as well, if one likes to fantasize about such things. How about this – you can grow your pot outside so long as you do not interfere with me growing my hemp for food outside.

        You bring up a good point about growing indoors providing so called quality control for those who desire that. It seems as though indoor growing operations lend themsleves to controlled seed production and predictable products.

        •  

          I think we’re on the same Jack Herer influenced page on hemp. Even haters of psychoactive cannabis should be able to see that banning non-psychoactive hemp is utterly irrational, tyrannical and unconstitutional. It should be an important issue for anyone who cares about the environment, and/or freedom for farmers.

          What about the issue of hemp cross-pollinating outdoor cannabis and ruining it. Are there ways around this?

      •  

        The government cannot legally impose any particular religion on people in the United States. While it is illegal for anyone to tell you you cannot grow pot outside, it is also illegal for you to tell people not to grow it inside. It would also be illegal if you were to try and stop me from growing hemp, whether it was grown inside or outside.

        If you want what you say is your spirituality respected, then you have to respect the freedoms of everyone else (spiritual or not) too by not passing bans on what they do.

        •  

          Not to worry, I’m not interested in banning people from using fossil fuel based energy to grow weed or anything else, just saying it’s great if they can avoid it. But I do think there should be an appropriate tax on fossil fuels to compensate for their role in climate change.

  13.  

    Great article. Well said.

  14.  

    1. Is there proof that “organically grown” is safer than marijuana grown with traditional fertilizers? NO! – As stated the USDA controls the organic labeling requirements, along with the determination of the safety of those products. While Clean Grean may think there is benefit to Organically grown, there simply is no proof and just like American Spirits had to put on there packaging “Organic Tobacco does NOT mean a safer product” the exact is true for marijuana. Why? Because it has never been tested or proven. It’s all hypothetical nonsense for people to CLAIM that organic marijauana is better than traditional fertizled marijuana, there is ZERO proof. Budtenders telling people that Organic is better is futher perpetuating misinformation. This line, “fertilizers and chemical pesticides used to grow conventional marijuana get direct access to the body and brain.” is true whether it is organic based fertilizers/pesticides/herbiced or chemical based is it not?

    2. Focusing on the electrical cost of indoor growing is missing the point entirely. Being environmental responsible means conserving scarce resources and limiting your impact on the environment. Electricity in Washington and Oregon is not scarce (it is in California) and is a renewable clean energy source (99% of our electricity is hydroelectric). I can’t find the article, but I remember a stat that showed that outdoor farms use 2-3x the water as indoor hybrid/hydroponic farms for the same weight of finished product. Water is a scarce resource we should be consuming is it not?

    3. Indoor product is superior, look what consumers are buying and the price they are willing to pay for it. It’s totally a consumer choice issue, and the consumers have spoken. I understand the point of this article is to help change that point of view from consumers. but In a way it’s similar to tomotoes. Hot house tomatoes are better looking, more expensive and sell way better than their pale, flavorless cousins. There will alwasy be a outdoor market for lower quality product and to fuel the extraction industry, but consumers, for the most part want indoor weed.

    •  

      No thanks. I will always prefer sun-grown, organic. After California legalizes, I will grow my own if I can’t find it in my local store.

      •  

        Why is that? is it based on anything scientific, or just a preference?

        •  

          The people who are such rampant advocates of outdoor are just wanting to have zero overhead while still charging as much, for a possibly inferior product, as the folks who are passionate and sincere enough to spend a little to have a modern growing setup.

          I have seen good pot grown inside of a house just by a window. Not the same production that the really modern setups can achieve, but plenty good for someone self providing…

          There is no reason that someone couldn’t grow organic inside either, be it soil or not or be it natural light or not.

          There are many ways to skin a raccoon, so don’t get distracted when close minded people say otherwise.

          •  

            Agreed. We use MOSTLY organic fertiliers, teas and ammendments. Not because of our impact to the environment, or becuase we believe it’s “safer” – but because of the manufacturers of these products impact to the environment. Our supply chain has a much greater impact than our operation, so reducing the supply chain impact does more than us growing outdoor….

          •  

            Everybody is charging up the ying yang for cannabis indoors or outdoors.

      •  

        Also, why do you prefer sun-grown? Is it a quality thing or because you believe it is more environmentally friendly?

        •  

          Both. – The relationship between marijuana (and all plants) and the sun is a long one – stretching over billions of years. – We may get close to all the nurturing elements of sunlight, but it will probably take another century, and why spend all the resources when we have plenty of the real thing at hand?

        •  

          Outdoor cannabis grown under the sun in a good year will beat indoor hands down. Indoor you have more stable growing conditions and more of the terpenes stay with the bud. 6 OF 1 half a dozen of the other. Grow organic,indoors or outdoors. It will be better than the commercial trash being produced by the recreational or medical growers if you know what you are doing.

    •  

      I like the points that you make about indoor growing not being an ecologically unsound practice. It seems to me that the greater amount of potential product per time and space which would be possible in a large greenhouse with artificial lighting could make less land required to produce a given amount. You bring up a good point about water consumption.

      •  

        Greenhouses in the right geographic locations would be great! Best of both worlds with supplemetal lighting, blackout systems and water conservation. Problem is that in WA and OR the energy calculations for heating in the winter (propane or natural gas) and cooling in the summer (electric AC, swamp coolers dont work well for this crop from what I hear from very experienced GH growers) outweight the benefits of using natural lighting….

        I would love to see a full breakout from a greenhouse manufacturer that shows the energy and cost savings…

        •  

          I can imagine that a well insulated building would be a lot easier to regulate temperature in than would be a building made of windows.

        •  

          The main thing about indoor that I like is that there is less potential for people to continue the prohibition of hemp. Hemp is a superfood and a superior fiber producing plant. Herbal cannabis culture will always be victimized until there is no prohibition whatsoever on hemp.

          •  

            Fully agree. Hemp should not be limited just so people can grow sensimilla outside. Hemp has a much much bigger impact, environmentally, socially and economically than sensimilla (which I’m a huge fan of, don’t get me wrong :)

  15.  

    Telling your neighboor not to grow a foodcrop is backwards and must not be tolerated. Such actions hold back humanity.

    Hempseed food can effectively –
    – Elevate mood
    – reduce cancer and diabeties rates and effects
    – reduce bodily pains
    – provide for a more well fed and peaceful world population

    What kind of uncompassionate hateful prohibitionist would want to stsnd in the way of such real and important benefits? The type who we would all be better off without!

    •  

      there’s plenty of non-mj oriented farmlands in the Midwest to grow any amount of hemp without intruding into mj strongholds. 99% of weed will be grown under the sun in the near future, it is an unavoidable inevitability.

  16.  

    This is a great article, addressing a major concern of mine. I will always choose sun-grown, organic marijuana, when given the chance. – The problem is, there are few chances, and when there are, how do we really know it was sun-grown and organic. – And what does the grower/seller mean by “organic?”

    This represents a great way for small growers to maintain a niche market as the big money folks take over the lion’s share of the market with big operations.

    Any store that can show me they have truly sun-grown marijuana with detailed organic certification will win my business.

    •  

      Just grow your own. Growing your own is the best way to help really actually completely repeal prohibition. If you use it by boiling it in cream, then drying the herb is not even necessary.

      •  

        I will once they re-legalize in California. I’m sure I’ll continue to buy, also, though. It’s nice to experience a wide variety.

  17.  

    Has there been any work in growing marijuana indoors, but with sunlight brought inside with fiber optics? – I suppose a green-house would be more efficient, but there may be special circumstances where this would be feasible.

    •  

      sure just put a glass roof on a warehouse if you need to be inside for whatever reason, and use greenhouse darkening/insulating technology, it will be far cheaper. that fibre optic shit is insanely expensive.

  18.  

    given that we are in the technological age it is entirely possible to outfit a greenhouse to have similar environmental stability as an indoor grow. supplemental lighting can even used to achieve indoor like tight buds if that is indeed the goal.

    check out all the horse and buggy thinking type comments below.

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